Friday, November 05, 2010

Grammatophyllum stapeliiflorum [Teijsm. & Binn.] J.J.Sm. 1905

Anggrek species ini berasal dari kawasan Timur Indonesia tepatnya dari daerah Sulawesi Utara, masyarakat di sana lebih mengenalnya dengan nama Anggrek Hitam, dikarenakan warna bunganya agak coklat gelap kehitaman.
Sebenarnya daerah penyebarannya cukup luas, mulai dari Malaysia, Sumatra, Jawa, Sulawesi, Phillipina, hingga Papua.
Apabila sudah mekar sempurna, ukuran bunganya cukup besar sekitar 5-7cm.
Cara pemeliharaan Grammatophyllum ini agak lebih sulit dibandingkan dengan Grammatophyllum lainnya, saya memakai media pakis papan tanpa tambahan media lainnya dan digantung cukup tinggi agar terkena hembusan angin. Grammatophyllum ini tidak menyukai media yang terlalu basah yang akan berakibat batangnya akan membusuk.
Synonyms Cymbidium huttoni Hkr.f. 1867; *Cymbidium stapeliaeflorum Teijsm. & Binn. 1862; Cymbidium stephensi Ridl. 1900; Grammangis huttoni Bnth. 1889; Grammangis stapeliiflora [Teijsm. & Binn.] Schlechter 1911; Sadokum stapeliiflorum D. Tiu & Cootes 2007
References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsualr Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaen & Wood 1992 drawing/photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 6 1999 photo; Australian Orchid Review Vol 66 No 4 2001 photo; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of the Philippines Cootes 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Australian Orchid Review Vol 72 No 6 12/07-1/08 photo as Sadokum stapeliiflorum 

English Version :
Orchid species comes from the eastern part of Indonesia rather than the area of North Sulawesi, where more people know him by name Black Orchid, because the color of the flowers rather dark blackish brown.Actually, the endemic area is quite wide, ranging from Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, the Philippines, to Papua.Where is the perfect blossom, the flower size is big enough around 5-7cm.
This Grammatophyllum maintenance mode id a bit more difficult compared with other Grammatophyllum, I put on fern slab without any additional other media and hung high enough to hit by gusts of wind. This Grammatophyllum does not like the media is too wet will cause the stem will rot.

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